Art Galleries of the World
Galleries are for the display of art works. Obviously in this case art means only visual forms like paintings, sculptures, installations, furniture, textiles, and decorative pieces. Among all, painting has the maximum variety. There are oil colors, water colors, pastels, sketches, drawings, collages and prints as different media. Again the bases may vary from canvas, glass, metal plates and draperies.
Cave of Altamira in Spain is the prehistoric gallery. The Magdelenean paintings with charcoal, ochre and hematite on the wall of the cave are considered to be the oldest paintings on the globe. Only Machu-pichu of Peru is analogous to cave of Altamira. This is the architectural marvel constructed by the Inkas in between fifteenth century and sixteenth century AD.
Globally the galleries now are either housed inside museums or they are constructed separately with a motto of business and its propagation for profit and also for other non-profit purposes of publicity. Sometimes such places are often owned by congregations of artists and/ or co-operatives. The galleries in museums are nearly three hundred in number. They are spread over the six continents. Europe houses most of them. Then there North America (US and Canada) comes, followed by Asia, Latin America, Oceania and Africa. But these are the places of conservation of historic artifacts. The contemporary ones chiefly encourage the work by contemporary painters and sculptors.
The galleries within museums are the hub of preservation and propagation of relic of past days. The places housing present day artifacts not only displays and conserves them but also propagates the ideals, aspirations and ambitions of painters and sculptors involved in creating them. There are more than twenty such places all over the world. Africa and Oceania has none. Most of them have been flocked in North America. Following stands together Asia and Europe. While there are eight exhibition and sale hub of contemporary artifacts in North America, Asia and Europe house five each. Latin America follows with two such centers.